Celtic

Celtic

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Collection of various prayers and devotionals towards Gaulish gods and goddesses.  Any prayers that come in multiple languages will indicate that they do.Singular Gods/GoddessesCernunnos (Carnonos)Invocation of Cernunnos (English) – by Ian CorriganDeity of the Week: Cernunnos (German and English) - Birgit ReinartzEponaDeity of the Week: Epona (German and English) - Birgit ReinartzEsusDeity of the Week: Esus (German and English) - Birgit ReinartzMatrons (Dêwâs Matres)Deity of the Week: Matronen (German and English) - Birgit ReinartzGebet zu den Matronen an Mittwinter (German and English) - Birgit ReinartzNodensDeity of the Week: Nodens (German and English) - Birgit ReinartzSucellusDeity of the Week: Sucellus (German and English) - Birgit ReinartzTaranisDeity of the Week: Taranis (German and English) - Birgit ReinartzTeutatesDeity of the Week: Teutates (German and English) - Birgit ReinartzMultiple Deities:Deity of the Week: Sirona and Grannus (German and English) - Birgit ReinartzWhere are the Gods? (COVID-19) (English) - Kristin Hitchcock
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Gaulish focused rituals from various ADF membersSeasonal Rituals and High Day RitesA Solitary Yule - Rev. Michael J Dangler, Three Cranes Grove ADFÎwos Eponâ: Festival of Epona Ritual - Trebomâros Auigani (Trevor Hanson), SolitaryA Children's Yule Rite (Gaulish) - Katherine PezzaMidsummer (Gaulish) - Kirk Thomas, Sonoran Sunrise Grove ADFMediosaminos, a Summer Solstice Rite in Brazil - EndoveliconMittsommer 2018 Ritual (English) - Birgit ReinartzMittsommer 2018 Ritual - Gallische (German) - Birgit ReinartzMittsommer 2018 Ritual - Gallische Herdkultur (German) - Birgit ReinartzLughnassa Ritual 2016 (German) - Birgit ReinartzGrove of the Red Earth Samhain (Acultural-Cernunnos) - Allen GrimSpecialty Rites, Ritual Fragments and Ritual TemplatesWaters Module (Gaulish Celtic) - Rev. Michael J Dangler, Three Cranes Grove ADFHouse Blessing: Anagantios Rite (Celtic Gaulish/Irish) - Rev. Michael J Dangler, Three Cranes Grove ADFMeditational and Devotional RitualsCernunnos Devotional Ritual (Solitary) - Trebomâros Auigani (Trevor Hanson), SolitaryGaranus Meditation - Rev. Michael J Dangler, Three Cranes Grove ADFThe Marriage of Lugus and Rosmertâ - Rev. Michael J Dangler, Three Cranes Grove ADF
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By Trebomâros AuiganiIntroductionWithin ADF, we follow an annual ritual year.  As stated within the Dedicant Program, “High day attended/performed might be celebrated with a local grove, privately, or with another Neopagan group.  At least 4 rituals attended/performed during the training period must be ADF-style.”  “ADF style” refers to the Core Order of Rites (COoR), however, this format provides a fair amount of flexibility for the members to develop their ritual practices.  Below is a list of different seasonal periods (cross-quarter days, solstices, and equinoxes) that were presented in “Gaulish Ritual Primer: Gods, Spirits, and Festivals” on the Gaulish Kin website, however, we are expanding on the information in regards to the holidays presented in the basic ritual primer as well as give alternatives to holidays you can celebrate based on research of holidays practiced by both the Pre-Roman and Post-Roman Gauls.The Coligny CalendarOne thing that people within the Gaulish Polytheism community have run into over the years is that how the Gaulish ritual year looks like will depend on how you look at the calendar.  The Gaulish Polytheism Calendar is primarily based on the Coligny Calendar, which was discovered in 1897 in Coligny, France.  The calendar is not complete, but reconstructing it is fairly easy, except there is no indication on the calendar how it relates to other calendars of the time.  Most of the reconstructions have been based on linguistics, which has developed two different interpretations of how the months should fall.  So for example, if you are looking at December, you will see it as either the month of Giamonios or possibly Dumannios.  Over the years, there has been a lot of disagreement on what month the months fall under and what you might want to call the holiday will depend on how you look at the calendar.  The Gaulish Kin is not taking an official position on which one is the “right one”.  But we are providing the best information we can so you can decide for yourself how you want to honor your gods and the Kindreds.The Gaulish Ritual Year in ADFThe following list is an overview of the ADF ritual year in relation to the Gaulish Kin.  This is a work in progress and we will be adding and expanding on parts as we move through the ritual year.Cross-Quarter Days:November Feast: Samonis (Summer’s End), also known as Centugiamos (Winter’s Beginning) to some, Samonis is the beginning of the winter half of the year. A feast celebrating the end of the year and the cycle of death and rebirth. On this day the ancestors are released from Amdumnos to feast with the living. Deities that can be honored this day include Sucellos and Nantosueltâ with their connection with the afterlife, Cernunnos and Eponâ for their associations with guiding and protecting the spirits of the dead between this world and the Otherworld, and possibly the Dêwâs Matres with their associations with family ancestral wisdom, luck, and fate. February Feast: Usmolgos (also known as Ambivolcos, Ambiuolcia) is a feast celebrating the promise of the spring time, the return of the light from the darkness, and purification from the ill luck of the previous year.  Honored gods of this time of year include Brigandu as flame-keeper and hearth fire goddess, Sulis as the goddess of the sun, and any other god or spirits associated with the home and the prosperity of the household.  This is also a time honor house spirits/gods as well as gods of luck and prosperity.  Given how close Îwos Brigandu is to this date (February 1st), many people celebrate them together as the same holiday. May Feast: Belotenes, the feast of the shining fire. Marking the beginning of the summer half of the year, it is at this feast that the herds and flocks, as well as those who tend them, would be purified and blessed with health and good fortune before being taken to their summer pastures. Associated gods: Belenos for healing and purification; Taranis for protection; Rosmertâ prosperity and good fate; and Lugus for protection while traveling.  Also, given how close Îwos Taranis is to this date (May 13th), many people celebrate them together as the same holiday.August Feast: Oinacos Lugous (also Litu Lugus), the Gatherings of Lugus. The harvest begins, the late summer thunderstorms arrive and the tribe gathers together to buy, sell, trade, and participate in community games and festivities. A feast of physical prowess, mastery of skills, and dedications of oaths in honor of the god Lugus.  Honored gods of this time in addition to Lugus include Rosmertâ, partnered with Lugus and goddess of Fate; Ogmios, god of the spoken and written word as well as curses and bindings; and other gods associated with the harvest and civilization such as Brigantiâ, Taranis, Nantosueltâ, etc.Solstices and Equinoxes:As we stated in Gaulish Ritual Primer: Gods, Spirits, and Festivals, with regards to the cross-quarter days, the Coligny Calendar does not seem to mark the equinoxes, although the summer and winter solstices seem to be clearly marked, depending on how you look at the calendar. Winter Solstice: Dévoriuros, the feast of midwinter plenty.  The harvest is in, the livestock have been slaughtered and it is time to snuggle in and celebrate the bounty of the gods and the promise of renewal against the darkness.  Different people celebrate this festival with different focuses.  One dedication includes the goddess Matroná and her son Maponos, who some feel was born on this day.  Another includes celebrating the return of Sulis, calling her back from Amdumnos.  Also, given how close Eponâlia is to this date (December 18th), many people celebrate them together as the same holiday.Vernal Equinox: Litu Uesonnae, the festival of spring (also Dius Aratri, the Day of the Plough), a day under the tutelage of Ambaxtonos, god of farmers, and Taranis, god of thunder.  We see the thawing of the waters by the fires kindled by Brigantiâ and from the waters, new life emerges.  It is also this time when the land spirits finish their shift.  The spirits of the winter season have made their way back to the Otherworld, being round up by Eponâ, and the spirits of the summertime have come out of their homes.  This is also a time of year where farmers are starting to get ready to plant their seeds and agricultural tools are blessed for a good harvest.  In addition to Ambaxtonos and Taranis, gods honored this time of year may include Sirona and Grannus (both water deities and associated with healing; Sirona’s serpent cult and affiliation with stars is relevant, alongside Grannus’ affiliation with wells); also Nantosueltâ, whose domain is the fertile earth and material wealth.Summer Solstice: Mediosamos, the midpoint of summer and a day of wildfire.  Celebrations include all-night vigils by hilltop bonfires throughout Europe.  Honored gods of this time of year can include various Ouranic (Upper World/heavenly) deities such as Taranis as Sky-Father; Brigantiâ as Keeper of the Sacred Fires and her association with high places; Belenos and his association to healing and possibly light, Sulis, ect.Autumnal Equinox: Litu Uogiami, the festival of autumn (also Diocomrextios, the day for settling all disputes). is also known as the second harvest, due to foraging practices.  This is a day to honor the land spirits as the shift between Samos and Giamos has completed and the summer spirits have gone into their homes, while the winter spirits are out roaming about.  Gods to be honored this day include Nantosueltâ is honored as the provider of material and natural wealth, and perhaps Grannus and Sirona as deities of water.  Cernunnos being a god of bi-directionality and mediator between order and chaos as well as his connection with protection while traveling in the wilds can also be honored at this time.Other holidays that seem to have been celebrated at various times of the year:Febuary 1: Îwos Brigandu (Festival of Brigandu).  Brigandu, also known as Brigantiâ, is a Brythonic deity that had icons and shrines in the northern and western parts of Gaul.  This festival is the celebration of Brigandu rekindling of the world’s hearth-fire to bring forth the end of the winter season.  It is also to bring forth luck and prosperity to the home, purifying the home of ill luck.  Given the closeness of the holiday to Usmolgos in date and theme, some people chose to celebrate them as the same holiday.May 13: Îwos Taranis (Festival of Taranis).  One of the Ides festivals within the Roman Empire, this date is dedicated to the worship of Jupiter and Taranis.  Images of this festival are shown on mosaics and shows a ritual dedicated to invoking the positive powers of the storms after the fields have been planted and before the rain storms of the summer season starts.  This holiday is for blessings of the fields and protection of Taranis.  Appropriate offerings include pure water, mead/beer, burning wood fires, etc.  Given the closeness of the holiday to Belotenes in date and theme, some people chose to celebrate them together.December 1 (or the new moon): Îwos Nechtan (Festival of Nodens).  Nodens was a Brythonic deity that may or may not have been worshiped in the northern and eastern parts of Gaul (minor holiday if he was).  Festival would include healing, renewal, visions (divination), and protection.  Appropriate offerings include coins and offerings to the sea/lakes/rivers.December 18: Îwos Eponâ or Eponalia. The Roman festival of Epona, is a day of observance for her.  Segomâros Widugeni also calls the holiday Îwos Dumanni (Festival of the Darkest Depths).  This is the time of the year when Eponâ wanders the land, accompanied by a retinue of spirits.  Appropriate offerings include horse effigies, dog effigies, items associated with cavalry (bridles, brushes), garlands, and roses.  Given how close it is to the Winter Solstice, some people chose to celebrate this festival for the winter solstice. Sources:Ár nDraíocht Féin: A Druid Fellowship. Our Own Druidry: An Introduction to Ár nDraíocht Féin and the Druid Path ADF Publishing. Tucson, 2009Jess (BB).  “New Calendar for Gaulish Polytheism”. Blood Bones Blog, https://thebloodybones.wordpress.com/2015/07/10/new-calendar-of-gaulish-polytheism/Widugeni, Segomâros. “Nemeton Segomâros”.  Polytheist.com: Honoring Many Gods. http://polytheist.com/segomaros/Serith, Ceisiwr. “The Gaulish God Taranis”.  YouTube.com. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=233DWe89JRsAwen, Heather. “Celtic Festival of Nechtan, Nodens, Nuada, Nudd &Llud”.  Gullveig Press: Resources for Pagans in Prisions. https://gullveigpress.wordpress.com/  
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The following information is a basic primer to get people started with Gaulish Polytheism within ADF.  As time goes on, we will modify and add to this information as our Hearths grow and develop.Déví Nemetoni: The Gods of the GroveThe Earth Mother: Danu, the primal goddess, associated with Europe’s principle river, the Danube.  Local river goddesses; where no Celtic name is retrievable, she could simply be addressed as Dévá, Goddess.  In addition, there is the personification of Gaul herself, Litáví.The Gatekeeper: Cernunnos, the liminal psychopomp god, who represents the connection between the lands of the tribe and the wild.The Hearth Goddess: Brigantí, also known as Brigindú.  In Irish lore, she is better known as Brigid, goddess of poetry and craft, but her earliest patronage is the domestic hearth.The Outsiders: Ancenetlí.  Not gods, but significant - these represent forces and powers which have no relationship with the Tribe, sometimes hostile but mainly just indifferent. Trícenetlos: The Three KindredsThe Gods: Déví.  The first children of the goddess Danu.  The Shining Ones, the undying, the givers of goods.The Ancestors: Senistres. The spirits of the blessed dead. While for most of the year they dwell in Andumnos, the otherworld, they can still be called upon to render assistance to their descendants.The Spirits: There are many other miscellaneous spirits, including spirits of a location (genii loci in Latin, brogidéví in Gaulish) and other natural features.  Most familiar to humans, however, are the Cucullátí, represented as small hooded figures with predominate phalluses: these are the spirits of the household, to be propriated with milk or ale. Ivostoves: The High DaysNovember Feast: Samonis, the beginning of the winter half of the year. A feast celebrating the end of the year and the cycle of death and rebirth. On this day the ancestors are released from Amdumnos to feast with the living. A feast dedicated to Sucellos and Nantosuelta, deities of the Otherworld.February Feast: Usmolgos, also known as Ambivolcos.  A feast celebrating Brigantí’s rekindling of the world’s hearth-fire, the promise of spring, the return of the light and the purification of the home. An appropriate time to do the spring cleaning!May Feast: Belotenes, the feast of the shining fire. Marking the beginning of the summer half of the year, it is at this feast that the flocks and those who tend them would be purified before being taken to their summer pastures. A time to celebrate fertility and reproduction.August Feast: Oinacos Lugous, the Gatherings of Lugus. The harvest begins, the late summer thunderstorms arrive and the Tribe gathers together, to buy, sell and show off. A feast of martial and physical prowess.With regard to the quarter days, the calendar of Coligny does not seem to mark the equinoxes, although the summer and winter solstices are clearly marked.Winter Solstice: Dévoriuros, the feast of midwinter plenty.  The harvest is in, the livestock have been slaughtered and it is time to snuggle in and celebrate the bounty of the gods and the promise of renewal against the darkness.  Dedicated to the goddess Matroná and her son Maponos, born on this day.Vernal Equinox: Dius Aratri, the Day of the Plough, a day under the tutelage of Ambaxtonos, god of farmers, and Taranis, god of thunder. Agricultural tools are blessed on this day, and in Northern Europe the equinoctal gales are very much present!Summer Solstice: Mediosamos, the midpoint of summer. A day of wildfire- not the safe hearth fire but the dangerous wildfire. Celebrated by an all-night vigil by a hilltop bonfire throughout Europe.Autumnal Equinox: Diocomrextios, the day for settling all disputes. Contracts would be renewed on this day. A day to celebrate community and the maintenance of good relationships which bind it together Resources:Ár nDraíocht Féin: A Druid Fellowship. Our Own Druidry: An Introduction to Ár nDraíocht Féin and the Druid Path, ADF Publishing. Tucson, 2009
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